[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (2021) ::
I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health 2021, 7(2): 44-60 Back to browse issues page
Research Article: Effects of diet supplementation with different level of Celmanax® (Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall with Mannan-Oligosaccharides) on health, environmental stress and Yersiniosis in Oncorhynchus mykiss
A Khodadadi * , H Malekinejad, M. S Hosseini
Abstract:   (550 Views)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of complementary rainbow trout diets with different concentrations of Celmanax® (active compounds of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS)) on immune responses, pressure resistance and resistance to Yersiniosis. Rainbow trout were fed with a diet containing various concentration levels of S.cerevisiae with MOS (prebiotic) (0, 0.1, 0.5 and 1%) for 60 days. While evaluating some of the parameters of the immune system, the blood samples were prepared from the tuber stem vein every 30 days. On day sixty of the study, various stress tests including temperature increases, hypoxia and induction of experimental disease with Yersinia ruckeri were also performed in all the experimental groups. Results showed that lysozyme activity, alternative complement pathway and total antibody were significantly elevated by diets containing different concentrations of prebiotic and the effective supplementation diet concentration was found to be 0.1% (p<0.05). However, the results of environmental pressures and exposure to bacteria showed that rainbow trout resistance was increased with different concentrations of prebiotic and the effective supplementation diet concentration was also 0.1% (p<0.05). Based on these findings, it is suggested that to increase and enhance immunity and improve rainbow trout resistance, it would be appropriate to add 0.1% concentration of prebiotic in the diet.
Keywords: Environmental pressures, Prebiotics, Rainbow trout, Yersiniosis, Microbial challenges, Celmanax®
Full-Text [PDF 888 kb]   (179 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research papers | Subject: Bacterial Disease
Received: 2021/06/11 | Accepted: 2021/11/8 | Published: 2021/11/11
1. Amar, E.C. Kiron, V. Satoh, S. Okamoto. N. and Watanabe. T., 2000. Effects of dietary b-carotene on the immune response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fisheries science, 66, 1068-1075. [DOI:10.1046/j.1444-2906.2000.00170.x]
2. Atanu‌Ghosh, A. Mondal, K. and Chandra. K., 2014. Modulation of small intestinal homeostasis along with its microflora during acclimatization at simulated hypobaric hypoxia. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 52(11), 1098-1105.
3. Austin, B., 2006. The Bacterial Microflora of Fish, Revised. The Scientific World Journal, 6, 931-945. [DOI:10.1100/tsw.2006.181] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Azad, I.S. and Al-Marzouk. A., 2008. Autochthonous aquaculture probiotics: a critical analysis. Research Journal of Biotechnology, 3, 171-177.
5. Azari, A.H. Hashim, R. Habibi Rezaei, M. Sharifzadeh Baei, M. Najafpour, S. Roohi, A. and Darvishi. M., 2011. The effects of commercial probiotic and prebiotic usage on growth performance, body composition and digestive enzyme activities in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). World Applied Science Journal, 14, 26-35.
6. Balcázar, J.L. De Blas, I. Ruiz-Zazuela, I. Cunningham, D. Vandrell, D. and Muzquiz. J.L., 2006. The role of probiotics in aquaculture. Veterinary Microbiology, 114, 173-186. [DOI:10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.01.009] [PMID]
7. Benites, V. Gilharry, R. Gernat, A.G. and Murillo. J.G., 2008. Effect of Dietary Mannan Oligosaccharide from Bio-Mos or SAF-Mannan on Live Performance of Broiler Chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 17, 471-475. [DOI:10.3382/japr.2008-00023]
8. Burr, G. Gatlin, D. and Ricke. S., 2005. Microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract of fish and the potential application of prebiotics and probiotics in finfish aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 36, 425-436. [DOI:10.1111/j.1749-7345.2005.tb00390.x]
9. Cabello, F.C., 2006. Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment. Environmental Microbiology, 8, 1137-1144. [DOI:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01054.x] [PMID]
10. Demers, N.E. and Bayne. C.J., 1997. The immediate effects of stress on hormones and plasma lysozyme in rainbow trout. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 21(4), 363-673. [DOI:10.1016/S0145-305X(97)00009-8]
11. Denev, S. Staykov, Y. Moutafchieva, R. and Beev. G., 2009. Microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract of fish and the potential application of probiotics and prebiotics in finfish aquaculture. International Aquatic Research, 1, 1-29.
12. Dimitroglou, A. Moate, R. Janssens, T. Spring, P. Sweetman, J.W. and Davies. S.J., 2011c. Field observations on the effect of a mannan oligosaccharide on mortality and intestinal integrity of sole (Solea senegalensis, Kaup) infected by Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, S1, 0-13. [DOI:10.4172/2155-9546.S1-013]
13. Dimitroglou, A. Davies, S.J. Sweetman, J. Divanach, P. and Chatzifotis. S., 2010b. Dietary supplementation of mannan oligosaccharide on white seabream (Diplodus sargus L.) larvae: effects on development, gut morphology and salinity tolerance. Aquaculture Research, 41, 245-251. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2010.02513.x]
14. Dimitroglou, A. Merrifield, D.L. Carnevali, O. Picchietti, S. Avella, M. Daniels, C. Güroy, D. and Davies. S.J., 2011a. Microbial manipulations to improve fish health and production: A Mediterranean perspective. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 30, 1-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2010.08.009] [PMID]
15. Dimitroglou, A. Merrifield, D.L. Moate, R. Davies, S.J. Spring, P. Sweetman, J. and Bradley. G., 2009. Dietary Mannan oligosaccharides supplementation modulates intestinal microbial ecology and improves morphology of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Journal of Animal Science, 87, 3226-3234. [DOI:10.2527/jas.2008-1428] [PMID]
16. Dimitroglou, A. Merrifield, D.L.,Spring, P. Sweetman, J. Moate, R. and Davies. S.J., 2010a. Effects of mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) supplementation on growth performance, feed utilisation, intestinal histology and gut microbiota of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture, 300, 182-188. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.01.015]
17. Dimitroglou, A. Reynolds, P. Ravnoy, B. Johnsen, F. Sweetman, J.W. Johansen, J. and Davies. S.J., 2011b. The effect of mannan oligosaccharide supplementation on Atlantic salmon smolts (Salmo salar L.) fed diets with high levels of plant proteins. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, S, 1-11. [DOI:10.4172/2155-9546.S1-011]
18. Galindo, D. Tort, L. Balasch, JC. and Mackenzie, S., 2003. Fish immune system. A cross roads between innate and adaptive responses. INMUNOLOGÍA 22, 277-286.
19. Gatlin III, D.M., Li, P. Wang, X. Burr, G.S. Castille, F. and Lawrence. A.L., 2006. Potential application of prebiotics in aquaculture. In: Avances en Nutricion Acuicola VIII: VIII Simposium International de Nutricion Acuicola (eds E.C. Suarez, D.R. Marie, M.T. Salazar, M.G.N. Lopez, D.A.V. Cavazos, A.C.P. Cruz and A.G. Ortega), Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, pp:371-376.
20. Genc, M.A. Aktas, M. Genc, E. and Yilmaz. E., 2007. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on growth, body composition and hepatopancreas histology of Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan 1844). Aquaculture Nutrition, 13, 156-161. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00469.x]
21. Gharekhani, A. Azari Takami, G. Tukmechi, A. Afshar nasab, M. Ag. N., 2015. Effects of Diet Supplementation with Zinc Enriched Yeast on Blood Indices and some Biochemical Parameters in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Biological Forum - An International Journal, 7(1), 940-944.
22. Gunathilaka, G.L.B.E. Hur, Y.K. Lim, S. and Lee1. K.J., 2015. Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Two types of propolis on growth performance, feed utilization, innate immunity and disease resistance of olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 18(4):367-372. [DOI:10.5657/FAS.2015.0367]
23. Kaur, T. and Bansal. M.P., 2006. Selenium enrichment and anti-oxidant status in baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae at different sodium selenite concentrations. Journal of Nutrition Hospital, 21, 704-708.
24. Markowiak, P. and Slizewska. K., 2017. Effects of Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics on Human Health. Nutrients 2017(9), 1021. [DOI:10.3390/nu9091021] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. McBryan, T. L. Anttila, K. Healy, T. M. and Schulte. P. M., 2013. Responses to Temperature and Hypoxia as Interacting Stressors in Fish: Implications for Adaptation to Environmental Change. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 53(4), 648-659. [DOI:10.1093/icb/ict066] [PMID]
26. Merrifield, D.L. Dimitroglou, A. Foey, A. Davies, S.J. Baker, R.R. Bøgwald, J. Castex, M. and Ringø. E., 2010. The current status and future focus of probiotic and prebiotic applications for salmonids. Aquaculture, 302, 1-18. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.02.007]
27. Merrifield, D.L. Ringø, E., 2014. Aquaculture nutrition: gut health, probiotics, and prebiotics. Wiley Blackwell press, London. United Kingdom. first edition. Pp: 360-361. [DOI:10.1002/9781118897263]
28. Olsvik, P.A. Vikeså, V. Lie, K.K. and Hevrøy. E.m., 2013. Transcriptional responses to temperature and low oxygen stress in Atlantic salmon studied with next-generation sequencing technology. BMC Genomics 14(1): 817. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-14-817] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. Ortiz, L.T. Rebolé, A. Velasco, S. Rodríguez, M.L. Treviño, J. Tejedor, J.L. and Alzueta. C., 2012. Effects of inulin and fructooligosaccharides on growth performance, body chemical composition and intestinal microbiota of farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture Nutrition, early view. [DOI:10.111/j1365-2095.2012.00981.x.]
30. Pérez-Sánchez, T. Ruiz-Zarzuela, I. de Blas, I. and Balcázar. J.L., 2013. Probiotics in aquaculture: a current assessment. Reviews in Aquaculture, 6(3), 133-146. [DOI:10.1111/raq.12033]
31. Pryor, G.S. Royes, J.B. Chapman, F.A. and Miles. R.D., 2003. Mannanoligosaccharides in fish nutrition: effects of dietary supplementation on growth and gastrointestinal villi structure in Gulf of Mexico sturgeon. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 65, 106-111. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8454(2003)65<106:MIFNEO>2.0.CO;2 https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8454(2003)65<106:MIFNEO>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8454(2003)652.0.CO;2]
32. Ringø, E. Olsen, R.E. Gifstad, T.Ø. Dalmo, R.A. Amlund, H. Hemre, G.-I. and Bakke, A.M., 2010. Prebiotics in aquaculture: a review. Aquaculture Nutrition, 16, 117-136. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2095.2009.00731.x]
33. Romero, J. Feijoo, C.G. and Navarrete. P., 2012. Antibiotics in aquaculture: use, abuse and alternatives. In: Health and Environment in Aquaculture (eds E.D. Carvalho, G.S. David and R.J. Silva), InTech. [DOI:10.5772/28157]
34. Schley, P.D. and Field. C.J., 2002. The immune-enhancing effects of dietary fibres and prebiotics. British Journal of Nutrition 87: 221-230. [DOI:10.1079/BJNBJN/2002541] [PMID]
35. Siwicki, A.K. and Studnicka. M., 1994. Stimulation of non-specific immunity after immunosuppression induced by chemical pressure in carp (Cyprinus carpio). In: Muller, R and Lioyd, R (Eds), Sublethal and chronic effects of pollutants on freshwater fish. Fishing News Books, Oxford PP: 148-152.
36. Solem, ST. and Stenvik. J. 2006. Antibody repertoire development in teleosts - a review with emphasis on salmonids and Gadus morhua, L. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 30, 57-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2005.06.007] [PMID]
37. Sweetman, J.W. Torrecillas, S. Dimitroglou, A. Rider, S., Davies, S.J. and Izquierdo. M.S., 2010. Enhancing the natural defences and barrier protection of aquaculture species. Aquaculture Research, 41, 345-355. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02196.x]
38. Torrecillas, S. Makol, A. Benítez-Santana, T. Caballero, MJ. Montero, D. Sweetman, J. and Izquierdo, M., 2011. Reduced gut bacterial translocation in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed mannan oligosaccharides (MOS). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 30, 674-681. [DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2010.12.020] [PMID]
39. Torrecillas, S. Montero, D. and Izquierdo. M., 2014. Improved health and growth of fish fed mannan oligosaccharides: Potential mode of action. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 36(2), 525-544. [DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2013.12.029] [PMID]
40. Tukmechi, A. and Bandboni, M., 2013. The effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on the immune response, hematological parameters, body composition and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30, 55-61. [DOI:10.1111/jai.12314]
41. Tukmechi, A. Rahmati Andani, H.R. Manaffar, R. and Sheikhzadeh, N., 2011. Dietary administration of beta-mercapto-ethanol treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhanced the growth, innate immune response and disease resistance of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 30(3), 923-928. [DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2011.01.016] [PMID]
42. Yousefian, M. and Amiri. M.S., 2009. A review of the use of prebiotics in aquaculture for fish and shrimp. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8, 7313-7318.
43. Zhou, J. Zhou, B.O. Lenzmeier, B.A. and Zhou. J.Q., 2009. Histone deacetylase Rpd3 antagonizes Sir2-dependent silent chromatin propagation. Nucleic Acids Research, 37(11), 3699-3713. [DOI:10.1093/nar/gkp233] [PMID] [PMCID]

XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khodadadi A, Malekinejad H, Hosseini M S. Research Article: Effects of diet supplementation with different level of Celmanax® (Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall with Mannan-Oligosaccharides) on health, environmental stress and Yersiniosis in Oncorhynchus mykiss. I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health. 2021; 7 (2) :44-60
URL: http://ijaah.ir/article-1-235-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 7, Issue 2 (2021) Back to browse issues page
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4410