[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (2018) ::
I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health 2018, 4(2): 1-27 Back to browse issues page
Description on anatomy and histology of Echinometra mathaei (Echinoidea: Camarodonta: Echinometidae), the Persian Gulf sea urchin
F Piryaei, P Ghavam Mostafavi, D Shahbazzadeh, K Pooshang Bagheri *
Abstract:   (2328 Views)

Echinoids were collected at depth of 0-5 m from coastal water of Larak Island, the Persian Gulf in January 2016. Soft tissues of the animal including peristome, peritoneum, gills, podium, ampulla, axial organ, gonads and food canal were taken and fixed in %10 formalin. Five micron sections were stained by hematoxylin and eosin method and studied under light microscope. The anatomy and histology of organs including peristome, peritoneum, gills, podium, ampulla, axial organ, gonads and food canal were investigated. In oral view, peristome, mouth, teeth, gills, spines, and pedicellariae were the six major compartments. Aboral view was seen as a round shape consisted of tube feet, spines, pedicellariae, madreporite, genital plate, ocular plate and anus. In both oral and aboral view seven types of spines and five types of pedicellariae were reported. Histological evaluation showed the organization of their layers and cells. In this study some anatomical and histological features of the Persian Gulf Echinometra mathaei were characterized. The data presented in this paper could be illuminating the path for marine biologists, anatomists, and histologists to use this creature in their desired research areas, basic or industrial approaches.

Keywords: Sea urchin, Echinometra mathaei, Anatomy, Histology, The Persian Gulf
Full-Text [PDF 1855 kb]   (1298 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research papers | Subject: Biotechnology
Received: 2018/03/8 | Accepted: 2018/07/4 | Published: 2018/11/12
1. Amarowicz R., Synowiecki J. & Shahidi F. (2012) Chemical composition of shells from red (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus) and green (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) sea urchin. Food Chemistry, 133(3), 822-826. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.099]
2. Anteunis A., Leclerc M., Vial M., Brillouet C., Luquet G., Robineaux R. & Binaghi R.A. (1985) Immunocompetent cells in the starfish Asterias rubens. An ultrastructural study. Cell Biology International Reports 9, 663-670. [DOI:10.1016/0309-1651(85)90059-1]
3. Arakaki Y., Uehara T. & Fagoonee I. (1998) Comparative studies of the genus Echinometra from Okinawa and Mauritius. Zoological Science, 15, 159-168. [DOI:10.2108/zsj.15.159] [PMID]
4. Arizza V., Giaramita F.T., Parrinello D., Cammarata M. & Parrinello N. (2007) Cell cooperation in coelomocyte cytotoxic activity of Paracentrotus lividus coelomocytes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 147(2), 389-94. [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.01.022] [PMID]
5. Bachmann S. & Goldschmid A. (1978) Fine structure of the axial complex of Sphaerechinus granularis. Cell and Tissue Research 193, 107-123. [DOI:10.1007/BF00221605] [PMID]
6. Blainville H.M. (1825) Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différences êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-memes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utilité qu'en peuventretierer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Vol. 37. Levrault, Paris pp. 59-102.
7. Bonasoro F., Candia D. & Wilkie C. (1995) The peristomial membrane of regular sea-urchins: functional morphology of the epidermis and coelomic lining in Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck). Italian Journal of Zoology, 62(2), 121-135. [DOI:10.1080/11250009509356060]
8. Boolootian RA. (1964) A histological study of the food canal of Strongylocentrotus franciscanus. Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 11, 118-127. [DOI:10.1007/BF01611135]
9. Burnett L., Terwilliger N., Carroll A., Jorgensen D. & Scholnick D. (2002) Respiratory and Acid-Base Physiology of the Purple Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, During Air Exposure: Presence and Function of a Facultative Lung. Biological Bulletin, 203, 42-50. [DOI:10.2307/1543456] [PMID]
10. Campbell A.C. (1983) Form and function of pedicellariae. Echinoderm Studies 1, 139-167.
11. Chadwick H C. (1900) Echinus. Mere. LpooI Mar. Biology. Comm, 3, 1-28.
12. Clark A.M. & Rowe F.E.W. (1971) Monograph of shallow-water Indo-West Pacific echinoderms. The British Museum Publication (Natural History), 690, 1-238.
13. Cook E.J. & Kelly M.S. (2007) Effect of variation in the protein value of the red macroalga Palmaria palmata on the feeding, growth and gonad composition of the sea urchins Psammechinus miliaris and Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata). Aquaculture, 207-217. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.01.026]
14. Czerny T. & Busslinger M. (1995) DNA-binding and transactivation properties of Pax-6: three amino acids in the paired domain are responsible for the different sequence recognition of Pax-6 and BSAP (Pax-5). Molecular. Cell Biology, 15, 2858-2871. [DOI:10.1128/MCB.15.5.2858] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. DeFur P.L. & McMahon B.R. (1984) Physiological compensation to short-term air exposure in red rock crabs, Cancer productus Randall, from littoral and sublittoral habitats. II. Acid-base balance. Physiological Zoology 57, 151-160. [DOI:10.1086/physzool.57.1.30155977]
16. Drozdov A.L., Sharmankina V. V., Zemnukhova L. A. & Polyakova N.V. (2016) Chemical composition of spines and tests of sea urchins. Biology Bulletin, 43, 521-531. [DOI:10.1134/S1062359016060078]
17. Farmanearmaian A., & Pmllivs J. (1962) Digestion, storage, and translocation of nutrients in the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Biology Bulletin, 123, 105-120. [DOI:10.2307/1539507]
18. Flammang P. (1996) Adhesion in echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 5 (ed. M. Jangoux and J. M. Lawrence), Rotterdam: Balkema, pp 1-60.
19. Ghyoot M., Ridder C.D. & Jangoux M. (1987) Fine structure and presumed functions of the pedicellariae of Echinocardium cordatum (Echinodermata, Echinoida). Zoomorphology, 106, 279-288. [DOI:10.1007/BF00312002]
20. Giese A.C., Greenfield L., Huang, H., Farmanfarmaian A., Boolootian R.A. & Lasker R. (1959) Organic productivity in the reproductive cycle of the purple sea urchin. Biology Bulletin, 116, 49-58. [DOI:10.2307/1539155]
21. Greenfield L., Giese A.C., Farmanfarmaian A. & Boolootian R A. (1958) Cyclic biochemical changes in several Echinoderms. Journal of Experimental Zoolog, 139, 507-524. [DOI:10.1002/jez.1401390308]
22. Hyman L.H. (1995) Echinodermata. The invertebrates. New York: McGraw-Hill 4, 413-589.
23. Kaneko Y.N. (1975) Culture Experiments on the Sea Urchin Strongylocentrouts pulcherrimus Fed an Artificial Diet. Marine Biology, 105-108. [DOI:10.1007/BF00388981]
24. Klein J.T. (1734) Naturalis Dispositio Echinodermatum. Accessit Lucubratiuncula de Aculeis Echinorum Marinorum, cum Spicilegio de Belemnitis. Gedani: Schreiber, pp. 79. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.65731]
25. Kroh A. & Mooi R. (2013) World Echinoidea Database [Internet]. The world register of marine species (WoRMS). World Ecinoidea Database Accessed 27 Apr 2012, http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea.
26. Lesser M.P., Carleton K.L., Böttger S.A., Barry T.M. & Walker C.W. (2011) Sea urchin tube feet are photosensory organs that express a rhabdomeric-like opsin and PAX6. Proceedings. Biological sciences, 278, 3371-3379. [DOI:10.1098/rspb.2011.0336] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. Liebman E. (1950) The leukocytes of Arbacia punctulata. Biology Bulletin, 98, 46-59. [DOI:10.2307/1538598] [PMID]
28. Mahdavi Shahri N., Haghighat Khazaei Z. & Karamzadeh S. (2008) Reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Echinometra mathaei (Echinodermatidea: Echinoidea) in Bostaneh, Persian Gulf, Iran. Journal of Biological Sciences, 8, 1138-48. [DOI:10.3923/jbs.2008.1138.1148]
29. Millott N., & Vevers H.G. (1964) Axial organ and fluid circulation in echinoids. Nature, 204, 1216-1217. [DOI:10.1038/2041216a0]
30. Moitoza D.J. & Phillips D.W. (1979) Prey defense, predator preference, and nonrandom diet: The interactions between Pycnopodia helianthoides and two species of sea urchins. Marine Biology, 53, 299-304. [DOI:10.1007/BF00391611]
31. Morrissey J.F. & Sumich J.L. (2012) Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life (10th Edition). Jones & Bartlett Learning, pp. 467.
32. Morse M.P. & Zardus JD. (1997) Bivalva. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates Vol. 6A Mollusca II.F.W. Harrison and A.J. Kohn. Wiley-Liss, pp. 7-118.
33. Mortensen T. & Gislen T. (1940) Echinoderms from the Iranian Gulf (Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, Echinoidea and Crinoidea), pp. 55-137.
34. Mortensen T. (1943) A monograph of Echinoida. Vol III, 3, Camarodonta. II. Echinoidae, Strongylocentrotidae Parasaleniidae, Echinometridae. C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen pp, 1-446.
35. Nichols D., Bishop G.M. & Sime AAT. (1985) Reproductive and nutritional periodicities in populations of the European sea-urchin, Echinus esculentus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 65, 203-220. [DOI:10.1017/S0025315400060914]
36. Price AG. (1983) Fauna of Saudi Arabia, Echinoderms of Saudi Arabia, Echinoderms of the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia pp, 29-109.
37. Price AG. (1986) A field guide to the sea shores of Kuwait and the Persian Gulf, Phylum Echinodermata. Blandfo press pp, 136-143.
38. Prouho H. (1887) Recherches sur le Droco cidaris papillata et quelques autres Echinidesdes de la Mediterranee. Archives de Zoologie Expermentale et Generale. Ser, 2, 289-380.
39. Smith L.C., Ghosh J., Buckley K.M., Clow L.A., Dheilly N.M., Haug T., Henson J.H., Li C., Lun C.M., Majeske A.J. & Matranga V. (2010) Echinoderm immunity. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 708, 260-301. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-8059-5_14] [PMID]
40. Steen J.B. (1965) Comparative Aspects of the Respiratory Gas Exchange of Sea Urchins. Acta Physiologica, 63, 161-1. [DOI:10.1111/j.1748-1716.1965.tb04054.x]
41. Stott F. (1955) The food canal of the sea urchin echinus esculentus L. and its functions. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 125, 63-86. [DOI:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1955.tb00592.x]
42. Tyler A. (1939) Crystalline Echinochrome and Spinochrome: Their Failure to Stimulate the Respiration of Eggs and of Sperm of Strongylocentrotus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 25, 523-528. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.25.10.523] [PMID] [PMCID]
43. Uexkull J.V. (1896) Ueber Reflexe bei den Seeigeln. Zeitschrift fur Biologie, 4, 298-318.
44. Uexkull J .V. (1900) Die Physiologie des Seeigelstachels. Zeitschrift fur Biologie, 39, 73-112.
45. Uexkull J .V. (1907) Studien uber den tonus. Zeitschrift fur Biologie, 49, 307-332.
46. Welsch U. & Rehkamper G. (1987) Podocytes in the axial organ of echinoderms. Journal of Zoology (London), 213, 45-50. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb03675.x]
47. Wilkie I.C., Candia M.D. & Andrietti F. (1994) Microarchitecture and mechanics of the sea-urchin peristomial membrane. Bolletino di zoologia , 61, 39-51. [DOI:10.1080/11250009409355857]
48. Wilkie I.C. (1988) Design for disaster: The ophiuroid intervertebral ligament as a typical mutable collagenous structure. In Echinoderm Biology (ed. R.D. Burke, P. V. Mladenov, P. Lambert and R. L. Parsley), pp. 25-38.
49. Yokes B. & Galil B.S. (2006) The first record of the needle-spined urchin Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea: Diadematidae) from the Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Invasions, 1, 188-190. [DOI:10.3391/ai.2006.1.3.15]
50. Ziegler A., Faber C. & Bartolomaeus T. (2009) Comparative morphology of the axial complex and interdependence of internal organ systems in sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Frontiers in Zoology, 6, 10. [DOI:10.1186/1742-9994-6-10] [PMID] [PMCID]

XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Piryaei F, Ghavam Mostafavi P, Shahbazzadeh D, Pooshang Bagheri K. Description on anatomy and histology of Echinometra mathaei (Echinoidea: Camarodonta: Echinometidae), the Persian Gulf sea urchin. I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health. 2018; 4 (2) :1-27
URL: http://ijaah.ir/article-1-163-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 2 (2018) Back to browse issues page
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4256