:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (4-2017) ::
I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health 2017, 3(1): 82-89 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of growth and survival of Zebra fish, Danio rerio by flake food that formulated with spirulina
A Bahmai , M Ghaeni , L Roomiani
Abstract:   (760 Views)

Danio rerio is one of the most beautiful ornamental fish living in fresh water and tropical water having a lot of fans in our country. This study aimed at investigating the effect of flaked diet with spirulina microalga feeding on growth and survival rates of Danio rerio in Mahshahr, south of Iran in 2014.  Three hundred and sixty zebra fish have been purchased and were randomly distributed among 12 aquariums, which the first group or control have been received commercial concentrated food (Energy co.), the 2nd group were fed basal diet enriched with 4% Spirulina. The 3rd group received enriched food with 12% of the same supplement diet and and finally, the 4th group was designed for 25% of Spirulina. The highest levels of condition factor and specific growth ratio were calculated for 4.394± 0.35 and 0.92 ±0.004, respectively. In addition, the lowest levels of daily feeding consumption and feed conversion ratio of 0. 35 ±0.035 and 0.037±0.01 were respectively obtained. In general, the inclusion of spirulina powder in feeding level of this fish would lead to gaining weight. Furthermore, the increase of spirulina microalga powder would affect the feed conversion ratio in its feeding level within a raising period of 60 days. Since there is no significant difference between 12 and 25% of the basal diet, it is concluded that the best feeding level is the basal diet enriched with4% spirulina. 

Keywords: spirulina, flake, Danio rerio, feeding level, growth, survival
Full-Text [PDF 403 kb]   (650 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Treatment stategies with herbal or others
Received: 2017/05/29 | Accepted: 2017/05/29 | Published: 2017/05/29
References
1. Clark M.D., Hennig S, Herwig R., Cifton S.W., Marra M.A., Lehrach H., Johnson S.L. & Group W. (2001) An oligonucleotide fingerprint normalized and expressed sequence tag characterized zebrafish cDNA library. Genome Res., 11,1594–1602. [DOI:10.1101/gr.186901]
2. Ezhil J., Jeyanthi C., & Narayanan M. (2008). Marigold as a carotenoid source on pigmentation and growth of red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri. Turk J. Fish. Aqua. Sci., 8, 99-102.
3. Grunwald D. J. (1996) A fin-de-siècle achievement: Charting new waters in vertebrate biology. Science 274, 1634–1635. [DOI:10.1126/science.274.5293.1634]
4. Hamilton F. (1822) An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edinburgh: Printed for A. Constable and Company. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.59540]
5. Hill J. E., Kapuscinski A. R. & Pavlowich, T. (2011) Fluorescent Transgenic Zebra Danio More Vulnerable to Predators than Wild-Type Fish, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140, 4, 1001-1005. [DOI:10.1080/00028487.2011.603980]
6. Scaria J., Kumuthakalavalli J. & Xavier R.L. (2000) Feed utilization and growth response of selected ornamental fishes in relation to feeds formulated with Spirulina, mushroom and water fern. Ecol.Environ. 8,104-112.
7. Parichy H. (2006) Evolution of Danio pigment pattern development, Nature Publishing Group, Heredity, 1–11.
8. Quigley I.K. & Parichy D.M. (2002) Pigment Pattern Formation in Zebrafish: A Model for Developmental Genetics and the Evolution of Form, Microscopy Research and Technique 58, 442–455. [DOI:10.1002/jemt.10162]
9. Rinna Hamlin S, Jansi M. & Vasudhevan I. (2013) Effect of dietary Spirulina plantensis on feeding parameters of blue gourami, Trichogaster trichopterus. International Journal of Research in Fisheries and Aquaculture 3(3), 103-106.
10. Smith M.A.K. (1981) Estimation of growth potential by measurement of tissue protein by measurement of tissue protein synthetic rates in feeding and fasting rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri.. J. Fish Biol.19, 213-220. [DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1981.tb05825.x]
11. Ungsethaphand, T. Peerapornpisal, Y., Whangehai . and Sardsud, U.(2010) Effect of feeding Spirulina plantensis on growth and carcass composition of hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis massambicus×O. niloticus) Maejo. Int. J. Sci. Technol. 4(2), 331-336.
12. Tongsiri, K., Mang-Amphan and Yuwadee P. (2010) Effect of Replacing Fishmeal with Spirulina on Growth, Carcass Composition and pigment of the Mekong Giant Catfish. Asian J. Agri. Sci.s 2(3), 106-110.
13. Vogel G. (2000) Genomics. Sanger will sequence zebrafish genome,Science. 290, 1671. [DOI:10.1126/science.290.5497.1671b]
14. Vonshak A. (1997) Appendics: Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira): Physiology cell-biology and biotechnology. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, pp: 214.
15. Watanuki H., Ota, K., Malin, A. C., Tassakka A. R., Kato T. and Sakai M. (2006) Immunostimulant effects of dietary Spirulina platensis on carp, Cyprinus carpio. Aquaculture 258, 157–163. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.05.003]



XML     Print



Volume 3, Issue 1 (4-2017) Back to browse issues page