[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (2020) ::
I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health 2020, 6(1): 44-53 Back to browse issues page
Practical effect of calcium oxide and sodium chloride on the control and treatment of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in Gold fish (Carassius auratus) farms
M Rahanandeh * , M Rahanandeh
Abstract:   (302 Views)
In this study, seven aquaria were designated and 25 gold fish infected with Ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) parasite were introduced to each of them. Different levels of Calcium oxide (13, 14 and 15 mg L-1) were used in three treatments of the group No 1. Three treatments in the second group received sodium chloride (1500, 2000, and 2500 mg L-1) with 72 h intervals respectively. In this study, the effectiveness of two drugs was compared through examining the normality of the data by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and one-way analysis of variance at the level of 0.5%. The data analysis was carried out via Duncanchr('39')s discriminate test to compare the treatments with each other along with further analysis of data using SPSS 20 statistical software. In order to determine the effectiveness of drugs, wet slides were prepared from different parts of skin, fins and gills during the experimental stages and were subjected to microscopic observation. The results of this study showed that Cao 15 mg L-1 had the greatest effect on the fish gills and the fish showed the least parasites in this area (4.17 ± 2.48) (p<0.05).  The use of calcium oxide (Cao 14 mg L-1) and sodium chloride (NaCl 2500 mg L-1) had similar effects on the parasite in the gill area (p> 0.05).
Keywords: Gold fish, parasites, Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, calcium oxide, sodium chloride
Full-Text [PDF 712 kb]   (66 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research papers | Subject: Parasitic Diseases
Received: 2020/05/16 | Accepted: 2020/08/10 | Published: 2020/08/15
References
1. Abdi, K., 2006. In formation and Application Aquatic Animals Pharmaceuticals, Publishers Daneshnegar pub, Daneshnegar, Tehran, Iran, 1Ed.p:258. (In Persian).
2. Alam, M.N., Ahmed G. U. and Chowdhury, M.B.R., 2014. Performance of herbal extracts on diseased fish. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 12 (2), 225-230. [DOI:10.3329/bjvm.v12i2.21299]
3. Bodensteiner, L.R., Sheehan, R.J., Wills P.S., Brandenburg, A.M. and Lewis W.M., 2000. Flowing water: an effective treatment for ichthyophthiriasis. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 12, 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8667(2000)012<0209:FWAETF>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8667(2000)0122.0.CO;2]
4. Buchmann, K., Bresciani, J. and Larsen. A.H., 2003. Effects of sodium percarbonate and garlic extract on Ichthyopththirius multifiliis theronts and tomocysts: in vitro experiments. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 65, 21-24. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8454(2003)065<0021:EOSPAG>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8454(2003)0652.0.CO;2]
5. Burkart, M.A., Clark, T.G. and Dickeron, H.W., 1990. Immunization of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus Rafinesque against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Fouquet): killed versus live vaccine. Journal of Fish Diseases, 13, 401-410. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2761.1990.tb00799.x]
6. Christoffersen, T.B., Kania, P.W., Gersdorff Jqrgensen L. and Buchmann K., 2017. Zebrafish Danio rerio as a model to study the immune response against infection with Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Journal of Fish Diseases, 40, 847-852. [DOI:10.1111/jfd.12543] [PMID]
7. Heinecke, R.D. and Buchmann K., 2009. Control of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis using a combination of water filtration and sodium percarbonate: dose-response studies. Aquaculture, 288, 32-35. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.11.017]
8. Jalali, B. 1998. Parasites and parasitic diseases of Iranian freshwater fish, Iranian Department of Aquaculture, Iran Fisheries Publications, Tehran, Iran 1st Ed.p:155-167.
9. Jalali, B. and Barzegar, M., 2006. Fish parasites in Zarivar Lake. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 8, 47-58.
10. Lahnsteiner, F. and Weismann, T. 2007. Treatment of Ichthyophthiriasis in rainbow trout and common carp with common and alternative therapeutics. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 19, 186-194. [DOI:10.1577/H07-002.1] [PMID]
11. Natalia, D.A., Marchior, C., Fabiano, M., Maurício, S., Martins, S., Amaral, H., Bruno, J., Corrêa, D.A. and Silva, C. 2017. Hydrogen peroxide and chlorine dioxide against parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Protozoa, Ciliophora) in jundiá fingerlings, Parasitology, 47 (12). [DOI:10.1590/0103-8478cr20170257]
12. Noga, E.J., 2010. Fish disease: diagnosis and treatment, Iowa State university Press, USA, 2 Ed. P: 95-97. [DOI:10.1002/9781118786758]
13. Noor El-Deen, A.I., Abd El Hady, O.K., Kenawy, A.M. and Mona, S.Z., 2015. Study of the Prevailing External parasitic diseases in cultured freshwater tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Egypt. Life Science Journal, 12(8), 30-37.
14. Osman, H.A.M., Monier, M.M., Abd El Ghany, O.A., Ibrahim, T.G. and Ismail, M.M., 2009. Protection of goldfish (Carassius auratus) against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis by immunization with live theronts, trophonts and sonicated trophonts. Global Veterineria, 3(4), 329-334.
15. Rintamäki-Kinnunen, P., Rahkonen, M., Mannermaa-Keränen, A.L., Suomalainen, L.R., Mykrä, H. and Valtonen, E.T., 2005. Treatment of ichthyophthiriasis after malachite green. I. Concrete tanks at salmonid farms. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 64(1), 69-76. [DOI:10.3354/dao064069] [PMID]
16. Roberts, R.J. 2012. Fish Pathology, Bailliere Tindall, London. England. 4th Ed. P: 270.
17. Sahandi, J., Kanani, H.G. and Asgarabad, F.R. 2012. Influence of garlic (Allium Sativum) and mother worth (Matricaria chamomilla) Extract effects on Ichthyophtirius multifilus Parasite Treatment in Sail Fin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) Ornemental Fish. Global Veterinaria, 9 (3), 362-366.
18. Sharma, M., Srivastav A.B., Sahni, Y.P. and Pandey, G., 2012. Overviews of the treatment and control of common fish diseases. International Research Journal of Pharmaceuticals, 3(7), 123-127.
19. Song, K., Ling, F., Huang, A., Dong, W., Liu, G., Jiang, C. and Wang, G., 2015. In vitro and in vivo assessment of the effect of antiprotozoal compounds isolated from Psoralea corylifolia against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in fish. International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance, 5(2), 58-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijpddr.2015.04.001] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Straus, D.L. and Meinelt, T., 2009 Acute toxicity of peracetic acid (PAA) formulations to Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Parasitology Research, 104, 1237-1241. [DOI:10.1007/s00436-009-1361-9] [PMID]
21. Tieman, D.M. and Goodwin, A.E., 2001. Treatments for ich infestations in channel catfish evaluated under static and flow through water conditions. North American journal of aquaculture, 63, 293-299. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8454(2001)063<0293:TFIIIC>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8454(2001)0632.0.CO;2]
22. Traxler, G.S., Richard, J. and McDonald, T.E. 1998. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich) epizootics in spawning sockeyes salmon in British Columbia, Canadian Journal of aquatic animal health, 10, 143-151. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8667(1998)010<0143:IMIEIS>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8667(1998)0102.0.CO;2]
23. Woo, P.T., Leatherland, J.F. and Bruno, D.W., 2006. Fish diseases and disorders (Vol. 3). CABI.
24. Xu, D.H. and Klesius, P.H., 2004. Two-year study on the infectivity of Ichthyophthirius multifiliisin channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 59(2), 131-134. [DOI:10.3354/dao059131] [PMID]
25. Xu, D., P.H., Klesius, C.A. and Shoemaker J. J., 2002. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in Channel Catfish in Vitro. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 12, 290-296. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8667(2000)012<0290:TEDOIM>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1577/1548-8667(2000)0122.0.CO;2]
26. Zhang, Q., Chen, D. and Liu, Q., 2009. Protective immunity of goldfish against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis infection Induced by different trophont vac-Cine preparations. Journal of World Aquaculture Society, 40, 561-566. [DOI:10.1111/j.1749-7345.2009.00263.x]



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahanandeh M, Rahanandeh M. Practical effect of calcium oxide and sodium chloride on the control and treatment of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in Gold fish (Carassius auratus) farms. I. j. Aqua. Anim. Health. 2020; 6 (1) :44-53
URL: http://ijaah.ir/article-1-198-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 1 (2020) Back to browse issues page
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 28 queries by YEKTAWEB 4256